PHPUnit – Testing Exceptions

In this article, we will see how to test a function that throws an exception when condition meets.

In our previous examples, we have created a calculator class with functionalities addition and subtraction. In this example, we will add division and will be tested using PHPUnit to check whether the function can throw exception when division by zero is occurred.

1. Add the method division to the class Calculator

    class Calculator{
        public function sum($n1, $n2){
            return $n1 + $n2;

        public function subtract($n1, $n2){
            return $n1 - $n2;

        public function divide($n1, $n2){
            if($n2 == 0)
                throw new InvalidArgumentException('Division by zero.');
            return $n1/$n2;

2. Add PHPUnit test for the division function

This test will test, whether the division will throw and exception or not when division by zero occurs. If the function throws exception, then the test iss success. Other wise, test is failed.

<?php use PHPUnit\Framework\TestCase; class CalculatorTest extends TestCase { public function testIsSumCorrect(){ $calc = new Calculator(); $result = $calc->sum(1,2.5);
            $expected = 3.5;

        *    @dataProvider subtractionProvider
        public function testIsSubtractionCorrect($n1, $n2, $expected){
            $calc = new Calculator();
            $result = $calc->subtract($n1,$n2);            

        *    @expectedException InvalidArgumentException
        public function testDivisionByZeroThrowsException(){
            $calc = new Calculator();
            $result = $calc->divide(1,0);            

        public function subtractionProvider(){
            return [
                    "data1"=> [ 1 , 1 , 0],
                    "data2"=> [ -1 , 1 , -2],
                    "data3"=> [ 5 , 1 , 4],
                    "data4"=> [ 1 , 0.25 , 0.75]


3. Running the test

We can run the test by executing the given below command at the root of the project

$./vendor/bin/phpunit --testdox tests/CalculatorTest.php

On executing the test, PHPUnit will display the test result as given below :

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